York Almanac ->
New York City in July
Macy's 4th of July Fireworks
....Average monthly temperature in July : 77° ...
sail in along the East River, South Street Seaport and the
Statue of Liberty for an evening spectacular celebrating
American Independence Day with Macy's
July Fourth Fireworks
and throughout the month Lincoln Center is the place to
be for nights filled with the music of Mostly
Mozart - along with Beethoven,
Schubert, Haydn, and other classical and Baroque favorites...
plus don't miss our complete list of Summer
Events in NYC ...
....Brooklyn mob boss Frankie
Yale is in his neighborhood speakeasy when he gets a
cryptic call that his wife Lucy needs him at home. He speeds
off in his Lincoln coupe when several occupants of a Buick
overtake him and riddle Yale's car with buckshot and machine
gun fire this day in 1928.
The mobster's funeral includes a $15 million silver casket,
110 limos to carry the mourners - and 23 others just to
haul the floral arrangements - in one of Brooklyn's most
opulent mob farewells ...
DiMaggio hits a 3-run homer against arch-rivals the
Boston Red Sox this day in in 1941 to break the record for
hitting in the most consecutive games within a season
and he doesn't stop there. This summer he goes on to eventually
get hit in a record 56 straight games....
...Hetty Green, "the
Witch of Wall Street" is famous for spending a
frugal life subsisting on only lukewarm oatmeal and cheap
meat pies while making a fortune investing in stocks and
bonds. She spends her later years in fear that she will
be kidnapped, but this day in 1916 goes on to her final
reward the richest woman in the world, leaving a fortune
estimated at $100 million ...
July 4 - American Independence Day
...notorious 19th century streets gangs, The
Dead Rabbits and the Bowery Boys, come to blows this
day in 1857, rioting through the infamous Five Points District
for two straight days before overwhelmed police enforce
a truce ...
...famous for having looked out on the streets of New York
and uttering "There's a sucker born every minute",
(Phineas Taylor) Barnum is born in Bethel, Connecticut
this day in 1810 ...
...New York's "Boy Mayor", John
Purroy Mitchel is only 34 when he is elected as the
city's youngest mayor ever. After failing to get reelected,
he later joins the Signal Corps Army Air service and plummets
500 feet out of his aircraft to his death this day in 1918
on a routine training exercise. It's generally believed
that he failed to fasten his seat belt...
... four nights of Anti-Abolition
rioting ensue in 1834 as mobs rampage through the streets
damaging homes & churches, mostly belonging to the city's
black population, with cries heard for their nationwide
deportation from the U.S. ...
...in one of the most
epic scams in city history, a pair of schemers by names
of Lozier & DeVoe convince the city that due to a building
boom, the tip of Manhattan is about to sink into the harbor
this day in 1824.
Lozier, a carpenter, and DeVoe, a butcher, make plans to
saw it off, turn it around, and reattached it firmly. Even
the mayor is convinced the plan will work, and helps secure
funds for the project.
Weeks later, hundreds of workers assemble with saws, pick
axes and shovels to begin the project except for
Lozier & DeVoe, who have skipped town with a hefty fortune
... General George Washington has the Declaration of Independence
read to his troops in New York City this day in 1776 ...
"The baseball team ahead tonight usually wins the
- Old New York Baseball Wisdom
... Vice President Aaron Burr, who feels "defamed"
by former Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton,
challenges his old rival to a famous
duel this day in 1804 across the river in Weekhawken,
N.J. When the smoke clears, Hamilton lays mortally wounded,
leaving 7 children and $55,000 in debts. Burr flees the
city and heads South ...
... members of the shoemakers' union go on trial in New
York City for striking to win wage increases. They are later
fined $1 each ...
... Irish mobster Legs
Diamond is presiding over the Hotsy Totsy Club this
night in 1929 when shots ring out across the dance floor
and patrons run for the exit. Within days, several waiters
and a manager go mysteriously missing and, out of approximately
50 other witnesses, nobody's talkin' ...
...legendary director D.W.
Griffith gets his start this day when his first film,
The Adventures of Dollie premieres in New York in
1908 amid much success. His studio immediately awards him
a one-year contract and a whopping $500 a month salary...
Wrong-Way Corrigan -
"Just got in from New York.
Where am I?"
...city residents are agog at being the first Americans
ever to see the strange and amazing Australian duckbilled
platypus up close today in 1922 when it debuts at the Bronx
... the sensational three-year Becker
Trial culminates in police lieutenant Charles Becker
being sentenced to the electric chair this day in 1914 for
his involvement with West Side gamblers and criminals along
with rubbing out a key witness, one "Beansie"
...pilot Douglas "Wrong
Way" Corrigan goes down in the annals of American
folk heroes this day in 1938 when he flies from New York
to Long Beach, California in the wrong direction.... and
lands in Dublin, Ireland. Says Corrigan on touch-down, "Just
got in from New York. Hey, where am I?" His colossal
mistake gives a Depression-era public a good laugh and results
in a popular catch phrase whenever anyone veers off course
( i.e., "Hey, I'm doing a Corrigan!...")
...it's the year of "the long hot summer" when
riots break out in Harlem after an off-duty cop shoots a
black teen resident. There are 114 injured (including 35
police), 120 businesses damaged, and 185 arrests before
order is restored this day in 1964 ...
....more than 300 buildings are destroyed and four lives
lost in the "Great Fire" this early morning in
1845 when a factory fire in the Wall Street area touches
off a conflagration that reaches from from river to river.
Atop an exploding building on Broad Street, fireman Francis
Hart, Jr. sails with the rooftop and is safely deposited
on the street four stories below ...
Given the go-ahead by President Thomas Jefferson, and in
the presence of several naval experts, Robert Fulton demonstrates
the power of his new invention, the Nautilus
"submarine", by successfully blowing up a brig
in New York Harbor this day in 1807...
...the New York State Legislature approves a bill designating
843-acres of prime New York City real estate for "a
great public park" bounded by Fifth and Eighth Avenues,
from 59th to 106th Streets this day in 1853. Central
Park later extends to 110th street after yet another
piece of land is purchased 10 years later ...
"Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"
...New Yorker Emma
Lazarus is born this day in 1849...
... the old New York expression "to pull a Brodie"
is born when, on a $200 bet, saloonkeeper Steve
Brodie jumps off the Brooklyn Bridge 135 feet into the
East River this day in 1886 ...
...New Amsterdam has its first recorded lawyer this day
in 1653 in Adriaen van der Donck, who is permitted only
to advise clients. He is sensibly barred from actually pleading
cases since there are no other lawyers in town to present
opposing arguments ...
Cecilia Rogers leaves her downtown boarding house this
day in 1841, telling her boyfriend she is heading uptown
to visit her aunt. She never returns. Three days later,
her bruised and broken body is found floating in the Hudson
River. The news makes headlines for weeks and inspires local
writer Edgar Alan Poe to transform the story into his detective
tale, "The Mystery of Marie Roget" ...
...the city's last
horse-drawn street car makes its last run down Bleeker
Street this day in 1917...
In one of the shortest runs in New York City theater history,
"Broadway Opry '79" opens tonight in 1979 and
closes after only 2 performances ...
... flying through dense fog while piloting a 10-ton B-25
bomber, Lt. Colonel William Smith tries to avoid the Empire
State Building looming up before him this day in 1945, but
it is already too late.
This morning at 9:49 am the plane
hits the north side of New York's tallest skyscraper
with flames from the fuel explosion hurtling down the building
While one engine and the landing gear fly through the 79th
floor, most of the plane remains lodged on the eighteen
feet wide and twenty feet high hole left on impact.
Along with Smith and two crewmen, 11 office workers lose
their lives in the crash that costs an estimated $1,000,000....
...The serial killings by Son
of Sam begins this day in 1976, terrorizing the city
for the next year....
..the worst accident in the history of the Staten Island
ferry occurs this day in 1871 when a boiler explosion aboard
the ferryboat Westfield
II kills over 125 passengers and injures over 200 as
it departs its South Ferry slip in Manhattan ...
lion first roars this day in 1928 before the start of
the movie "White Shadows of the South Seas" thanks
to ad man and Columbia University graduate Howard Dietz,
who creates the distinctive logo on his alma mater's fight
song, "Roar, Lion, Roar"...